December 28, 2011

A Call for Old Corktown Photographs

Dear Neighbors,

As anyone who reads this blog knows, long descriptions and lists of names can only go so far in re-creating Corktown's past. There is no substitute for historical photographs when it comes to bringing that past to life.

In the name of preserving and sharing Corktown's history with neighbors, researchers, and anyone else interested in our neighborhood, my neighbor Scott Robichaud and I have started a photo group on which you can find here:

This photo group contains a modest collection of images so far, but we hope that submissions from our neighbors help it grow into a useful library of historical Corktown images.

Here is an overview of what we have available right now:

  • In 1976, all of the structures in many of Detroit's historic neighborhood were photographed in what was called the Detroit Urban Conservation Project. Previously, the only digitized versions of these images were found at, but availability was hit-and-miss and the images were fairly small. With the help of my friend Allan Machielse, we were able to track down the film negatives at the Detroit Historic Designation Advisory Board office downtown. I have re-scanned the negatives for the Corktown Historic District and the 2400x1600 pixel images are now online and free to download. This collection contains 451 images.

    The year 1976 may not seem incredibly "old", but these photos could potentially be valuable to some people. Consider 2036 11th Street, for example, which looks like this today:

    Image courtesy of Google Street View

    Should someone become interested in restoring this home and re-creating its original wraparound porch, the following image from the Detroit Urban Conservation Project would be good to have:


  • Scott has obtained 146 street-level images from the year 1954 from throughout Corktown that appear to have been part of a presentation against the demolition of historic homes in the name of urban renewal. He has scanned and uploaded the images, which you can find here. The sample photo below depicts the old Roosevelt Hotel on 14th Street.

    14th 2250-2236

  • Neighbor Mona Graham has graciously loaned us the tour booklets for every single Corktown Historic Homes Tour since the very first one in 1987. This collection contains 194 images.


If you have old photographs of Corktown (no later than the year 1999) that you would like to share, please email us at corktownhistory at yahoo dot com. If you do not have digital copies of your photos, we would be glad to scan them for you, and handle your photographs with the utmost care and respect. Scott is the owner of the Joseph Kingston House (previously featured here) and author of the blog Redemption in Corktown, documenting the renovation of his home from 2007 to 2010. I have lived in the neighborhood since 2005, and I currently reside in North Corktown. I also own the Susan Buchanan House on Bagley near Sixth Street, which I rent out.

If you are interested in being a part of this project, please let us know!

December 10, 2011

The John L. Warren House

If you look carefully at a satellite image of the industrial building at 2051 Rosa Parks Boulevard, you will notice a house that seems to be lodged inside of it.

This complex was once the home of the Lincoln Brass Works, but has since been converted into office and warehouse spaces. The 100,000-square-foot building was in the news recently after being purchased by developers Scott Griffin and Angel Gambino, who announced that the building would be renovated extensively. Since then, it has become the home of The Huffington Post's Detroit office, Curbed Detroit, and Loveland Technologies. Soon, this address will be the home of Corktown Cinema (formerly the Burton Theatre).

Satellite imagery isn't necessary to see this house-within-a-building. Part of it is visible from the loading docks just off the sidewalk.

287 Twelfth Street

This two-story brick house first appeared in the 1873 city directory, but the exact year of construction is unknown since building permits were not required at the time. The land was originally part of the Cabacier Farm--later the Thompson Farm--which was platted in 1852. The image below depicts how the block surrounding 287 12th Street appeared in 1884.

Image courtesy of Sanborn Maps.

The first occupant of this home was an artist and inventor named John Locke Warren, born in England on August 21, 1830.

Courtesy of
Warren was living in Detroit and working as a painter at the time of the 1850 census, but he soon moved to Ohio, where he married Margaret Carmody on September 22, 1852. They had their first three children in that state, but returned to Detroit in the late 1850s. In all, they had seven children, two of whom died young. Around 1863, Warren's occupation changed from painter to picture frame manufacturer. Clarence M. Burton noted that Warren was "one of the pioneer manufacturers of oval picture frames in America". Warren was also somewhat active politically, having been elected Alderman for Detroit's eighth ward in 1883 and serving for two years.

John L. Warren's contribution to the arts went beyond that of a painter and picture frame manufacturer. He was one of the founding members of the museum that we now know as the Detroit Institute of Arts.

Until the 1880s, there were no public art museums in Detroit. In 1882, citizens interested in promoting the arts met to discuss the possibility of a large, public art exhibition, later called the Art Loan Exhibit, intended to generate enough interest to lead to the foundation of a permanent institution. On February 27, 1883, the newly-formed Art Loan Association elected John L. Warren and nine others to serve as the organization's Executive Committee. Warren was appointed Chairman of the Transportation Committee on a later date. In addition to moving the artwork, Warren was responsible for its installation and removal. The Art Loan Exhibit was held from September 1 to November 12, 1883 in a one-story brick building constructed especially for the purpose. After the exhibit, the building was converted into a roller skating rink.

The Art Loan Building on Larned Street, between Bates and Randolph.
Courtesy of the Burton Historical Collection, Detroit Public Library.

Plan of the Art Loan Building from Silas Farmer's The History of Detroit and Michigan.

The Detroit Art Loan Record, a detailed account of the event, contained this anecdote about Mr. Warren:
Out of deference to the objection raised against the exhibition of the nude, Mr. John L. Warren, Chairman of the Transportation Committee, had a pair of huge pantaloons drawn over the front legs of his horses with which collection of paintings was made. This should satisfy the most fastidious that at least an effort has been made to avoid shocking any one's sensibilities. (Source.)
The Art Loan was overwhelmingly successful, having welcomed over 134,000 attendees to view the 4,801 works of art on display. Detroit proved that it was sophisticated and resourceful enough to warrant a public art museum. A call went out to raise $40,000 to purchase land for the museum's permanent location. Thirty donors pledged $1,000 each, and Senator Thomas W. Palmer contributed $10,000 in the names of the original ten members of the Art Loan Association's Executive Committee. Thus John L. Warren was among the forty original corporators of the Detroit Museum of Art, which officially organized on March 25, 1885. The Detroit Museum of Art, on the southwest corner of Jefferson and Hastings, opened September 1, 1888--and quickly ran out of space. In 1919, the museum changed from being an independent nonprofit corporation to becoming a civic institution, and its name changed to the Detroit Institute of Arts. Its new location, at 5200 Woodward Avenue, was opened in 1927. Today, the DIA is again operated by a separate nonprofit while the city retains ownership of the building and the collection.

DIA Incorporation Document
The Detroit Museum of Art's incorporation document signed by the original bene-
factors in 1884. John L. Warren's signature is number 39. Document provided by
the Detroit Institute of Arts. Thanks to Maria Ketcham, Head Librarian at the
DIA's Research Library, and Robert Hensleigh, Director of Photography.

In addition to being a patron of the arts, Warren was an accomplished machinist and inventor. Working out of a barn behind 287 12th Street, he spent years perfecting machines to be used in the production of gelatin drug capsules. In 1888, he founded the Warren Capsule Company, which was first located on 16th Street, and then moved to a building on Marantette just west of 12th Street three years later.

The Warren Capsule Company operated out of this building
at 19 (1935) Marantette Street between 1891 and 1909.

A reporter from the The Detroit News Tribune who visited the factory described it as a "a light, pleasant place", and the young women employed there as "a happy, bright-faced lot."

Illustration from The Detroit News Tribune article.

The reporter had this to say about Mr. Warren:
An inventor is usually pictured as a gaunt and weary-eyed man, wearing in his face the traces of many a harassed hour when he burned the midnight oil, and slept not, because of soul-depressing disappointments. Mr. Warren does not answer to this description, not in the least. He is rotund and merry, with a twinkle in his eye that never was born of long, despairing vigils of the night. Work he must have done, to reach the height of his inventive ambitions. Perhaps he worked while others slept, but if he did, he must have slept while others worked, for the hue of health has not deserted his cheek, nor the light of merriment his eyes. He may not, therefore, be an ideal inventor, but he is an ideal, jolly gentleman, and the fact that so much machinery has evoluted from his brain, has not in the least, expanded the size of his very level head.
(The Detroit News Tribune, 17 May 1896)

John Locke Warren passed away at home on August 10, 1896. About six years later, the Warren House was converted into a two-family home. The upper flat was given the new address of 285 12th Street, where Thomas Brownell was the first renter; and the lower unit, where Margaret Warren and her daughter Mary B. Warren continued to live, remained number 287. Margaret Warren died on January 25, 1907.

The John L. Warren family plot in Woodmere Cemetery, Detroit.

The Foundry

Earlier this month, Jerry Paffendorf of Loveland Technologies graciously granted a tour of 2051 Rosa Parks to myself and neighbor Scott Robichaud.

Scott (left) and Jerry stand in what was one a brass foundry.

The story of how 285/287 12th Street became absorbed by an industrial complex goes back to 1914, when an entrepreneur named Louis C. Miller demolished the house next door to 287 12th Street and built an auto shop in its place. The building permit for the new structure was issued by the city on April 17, 1914. The address of the new structure was 291 12th Street. Miller attempted to create a business--Louis C. Miller & Co.--that specialized in modernizing older cars. Among Miller's previous employers was a used auto dealer called the Loveland Company.

A notice published in the Detroit Free Press, 21 June 1914.

The last member of the Warren family to live at 287 12th Street was Mary B. Warren, who never married. She left the house by 1914, presumably because of the automobile rebuilding shop constructed ten feet away from her home.

This ad for Miller's business ran in July of 1914.

Louis C. Miller's enterprise was not successful. I haven't found any reference to it after the summer of 1914. The following year, 291 12th Street was occupied by the Modern Body Shop, a maker of automobile bodies. The proprietor was a Canadian immigrant named John Sheldon Rusk, who, unfortunately, fared no better than Louis Miller.

The next occupant, the Acason Motor Truck Company, was more fortunate. The company was incorporated in Walkerville, Ontario in 1915, was listed at 291 12th Street in 1916. By August of that year, they had outgrown the facility and moved to 429 (2821) Brooklyn St., approximately where the Motor City Casino Hotel stands today. Acason produced vehicles until 1925.

Finally, in 1917, the Lincoln Brass Works was operating at 291 12th Street. The business was incorporated the previous year in Detroit by Erwin H. Mueller, John O. Stevens, and Bertram Ellison. The company inhabited the site for eighty years.

After Mary B. Warren moved out of 287 12th Street, the upper and lower flats were rented primarily by laborers, often under cramped conditions. The 1920 census lists twenty-two individuals living in the house. They were mostly factory workers, in addition to two drivers, a fireman, and a bricklayer. In 1921, the address of Lincoln Brass Works changed to 2067 12th Street. Numbers 285 and 287 changed to 2051 and 2055 12th Street. By that time, the foundry had expanded to encompass the entire parcel of land it was built on.

Lincoln Brass Works, at 2067 12th Street, in 1921.
The John L. Warren House is immediately to the south.
Image courtesy of Sanborn Maps.

In 1930, 2051/2055 12th Street was home to twenty people. All of them were immigrants from Mexico except for three children. All employed adults were factory workers except for a baker, a railroad worker, and two restaurateurs. Four of the laborers were foundry workers, who may have worked next door. By 1933, a Mrs. Betty Wood was listed as the head of household at 2051 12th Street, and Antonio Hinostroza at 2055. In 1934, both addresses were listed as vacant. Finally, in 1935, the address of Lincoln Brass Works changed from 2067 12th Street to 2051-2067 12th Street. Twelfth Street was renamed Rosa Parks Boulevard in 1976.

The Warren House in 1949, fully enveloped by the Lincoln Brass Works complex.

The House Today

The rear of the Warren House viewed from the north.

This photo was taken in the back of the house on the second story,
from the exact opposite perspective as the image above it.

The house's brick facade is hidden within the back wall of this second-story
front office space. A window was probably expanded to make this doorway.

Circa-1872 windows were just too large for a previous remodeller.

The chimney hidden in this closet still has its original base molding.

The wall adjacent to this safe appears to be original, but whether
the brick walls inside are the house's exterior walls I cannot say.

19th century base molding adorns this mechanical area.

The first floor of the Warren House has been terribly abused, but it contains more original details (however few) than the upstairs office space. The industrial complex pierces the home's walls with tendril-like steel pipes and assimilates the structure for its own purpose, like an architectural version of John Carpenter's The Thing.

The mantle that would have been attached to this chimney is long tone,
but some of the crown molding has been left intact.

The side entrance and two windows as seen from the home's "exterior".
This floor has been raised higher than the ground would have been.

This might have been the home's main entrance. The floor has been dropped in this area.

An ornate plaster ceiling medallion now suffers the
indignity of supplying power to fluorescent lights.

An article on Model D Media stated that the new owners Angel Gambino and Scott Griffin have
spent their time erasing the improvements the previous owner made to the building. While the previous owner had normalized the spaces into typical office cubicles with carpeting and dropped ceilings, Griffin says they're focused on "undressing the building so the classic architecture shines."
I hope that the owners are considering restoring the Warren House as part of the plan for this site. Obviously it would be a difficult project, but one that is very appropriate given its location in a historic neighborhood. Most of the home's interior would have to be a re-creation of how it originally "might" have looked. Old moldings, fireplace mantles, and other lost elements could be replaced with period materials rescued by architectural salvage organizations. And of course, a small perimeter around the home would have to be cleared of its industrial additions, maybe creating a courtyard-like area. Anything is possible, right?

2051 Rosa Parks Boulevard, courtesy of

November 23, 2011

Cymbre Apartments

Cymbre Apartments, 1533 Ash Street

A couple of months ago I moved out of the Bechstein House on Wabash Street and into an apartment building in North Corktown. This three-story, brick building was constructed during World War I and originally contained fifteen apartments. A name plate over the front entrance reads "Cymbre".

Butterfield & Butterfield

The building was designed by the architecture firm Butterfield & Butterfield, whose offices were located in suite 1113 of the David Whitney Building. The firm consisted of Wells D. Butterfield and his daughter, Emily H. Butterfield--the first woman to be a licensed architect in the state of Michigan.

Image courtesy of the Burton Historical Collection, Detroit Public Library

Wells D. Butterfield was born on June 10, 1859 in Algonac, Michigan. On August 4, 1881 he married Helen Hossie, a native of Sarnia, Ontario. Together they had three children: Emily, Clayton, and Duane. Wells Butterfield is perhaps most famous for designing the Highland Park High School, although he ultimately specialized in churches--especially of the Methodist denomination--having designed over sixty in his lifetime. After retiring from architecture, Butterfield became the first mayor of Farmington, Michigan, after it incorporated as a city in 1926. Wells Butterfield died on July 15, 1936.

Emily Helen Butterfield

Emily Butterfield was born just outside of Algonac, Michigan on August 4, 1884. She graduated from the Detroit Central High School in 1903 and went on to study architecture at Syracuse University. The following year, she and ten other students founded a fraternity for women, Alpha Gamma Delta, whose membership has exceeded 160,000 since its founding. Miss Butterfield wrote the fraternity's Purpose, served as editor of its newsletter for seven years, and designed its coat-of-arms--Miss Butterfield was an expert on college fraternity heraldry and would later write a book on the subject. After graduating from Syracuse in 1907, she returned to Detroit to join her father in business. In May of 1912, she was among the founding members of the Detroit Business Woman's Club--the first professional women's club in the nation--and served as its first president. In addition to her career as an architect, Miss Butterfield was also an accomplished artist and contributor to home and garden magazines. Miss Butterfield passed away in Algonac, Michigan on March 22, 1958.

Buildings designed by Butterfield & Butterfield include the Highland Park High School, already mentioned; the Methodist Episcopal Church in Farmington (1922), and various homes in "The Oaklands" (1925-1927), a planned suburban community in Farmington Hills intended to resemble small "estates", but never completed due to the Great Depression.

Albert S. Pratt

The builder and first owner of these apartments was Albert Samuel Pratt, born in Detroit on September 26, 1881.

Albert Samuel Pratt, Sr.
Image courtesy of the Burton Historical Collection, Detroit Public Library

Albert's father, William Pratt, was a builder, and died from pneumonia when Albert was just five years old. Albert Pratt learned carpentry like his father and ultimately became a successful contractor.

On March 12, 1917, the City of Detroit issued building permit number 13008 to Albert Pratt for the construction of this apartment building. The estimated cost of construction was $23,000.00.

The building permit issued by the city to construct Cymbre Apartments.

At the time, Pratt lived at 515 (later 3145) Trumbull, just at the end of the street. He did not marry until the year after building the apartments, at the age of 36. The following marriage announcement was printed in the Detroit Free Press on May 12 1918:
The marriage of Miss elda May Evo and Mr. Albert S. Pratt was quietly solemnized Wednesday morning [May 8]. Rev. Edwin D. Dimond, of Simpson Tabernacle Methodist church, officiating. After an extended motor trip through the east Mr. and Mrs. Pratt will be at home at 515 Trumbull avenue.
The one detail of the building that always seemed somewhat enigmatic to me was the name "Cymbre" displayed above the front entrance. I've learned that it turns out to be a tribute to a specific individual.

Cymbre Anne (Fox) Pratt was the mother of Albert Pratt. She was born in Wroxton, England on July 8, 1850 and came to the United States at age two. She married William Pratt in Waukesha, Wisconsin on January 21, 1874 and moved to Detroit. They had four sons, including Albert Pratt. Cymbre Ann Pratt died on May 11, 1925.

Albert and Elda Pratt had two children, Albert Samuel Jr. and Cymbre Ann. They are 92 and 88, respectively, and live outside of Michigan. Cymbre Ann (now Mrs. Ferguson) told me she also has a daughter named Cymbre Ann.

Albert Pratt was a well-known Methodist layman in his lifetime and very active in charity work. He chaired the building committee of the Methodist Children's Home Society for neglected and homeless children. The buildings of "Children's Village" were completed in 1929 near Six Mile Road in Redford. "Throughout the years," wrote a contemporary newspaper, "the Pratts have opened their home to several young people after they were released from Methodist Children's Home. In many instances, Mr. Pratt helped these young people to find jobs. Since the end of World War II, the Pratts have also sponsored many displaced European families and aided them to reconstruct their lives here in this country." Mr. Pratt was elected to the Methodist Hall of Fame in Philanthropy in 1956 for his work. He passed away in Detroit on November 30, 1964.

First Occupants

1533 Ash Street--originally numbered 65 Ash--first appeared in the city directories in 1918. Unfortunately, individual apartment numbers were not listed in the directories until the 1920s.

The residents of Cymbre Apartments in 1918.

The first people listed at this address were for the most part a combination of skilled laborers and white-collar workers. Details on these individuals are as follows:
  • Jennie (Thomas) Barbour, registered nurse. Born 1870, Illinois. Mother of four children, only one of whom survived: her daughter Ella May Barbour, a teacher at the Clippert School. Ella May went on to marry Clarence W. Fisher in 1923.
  • William Aloysious Forster, machinist at the American Car and Foundry Company, a manufacturer of railroad rolling stock. Born 1877, England--immigrated 1886. In 1911, married Mary Corrigan, born about 1883, Canada--immigrated 1886. Their son, William, was born around 1908.
  • William Smith, janitor. He may have been the building's maintenance man.
  • Albert Russell, machinist.
  • Chester Charles Conn, insurance agent. Born 1895, Michigan. In 1915, married Agnes E. Scully, born about 1896, Michigan. Their daughter, Shirley, was born about 1917.
  • John Joseph O'Hagan, traveling candy salesman (!) for E. J. Brach & Sons of Chicago. Born 1889, Ontario--immigrated 1895. In 1908, married Angela Breece, born 1890, Michigan. Their son, John Jr., was born in 1912.
  • Martha (Officer) Piper, born 1842, Ohio. Widow of Abraham Piper (1824-1897). They had no children. Mrs. Piper lived in this building until her death on October 17, 1920.
  • Walter Harold Gubb, salesman. Born 1891, Ontario--immigrated 1906. In 1915 married Anne M. Lowry, born 1888 Canada--immigrated 1891. Their son, George L., was born in 1917. Later, they had another son, Alan K.
  • Merrill Ray Edelblute, bench hand at the Lincoln Motor Company. Born 1886, Kansas. In 1918, married Maude Taylor, born about 1892, Arkansas. They had no children.
  • Charles Albrecht Reuter, ordnance inspector at American Car & Foundry. Born 1882, Kentucky. In 1913, married Mabel Henry, born 1894, Michigan. They had two sons at the time: Charles L. (b. 1916) and John H. (b. 1918).
  • Francis Joseph Gleason, plumber for the Drake-Avery Co. Born 1892, New York. Never married.
  • Andrew Charles Fasbender, bookkeeper at the Regent Stove Co. in Wyandotte. Born 1885, Michigan. On January 30, 1918, married Gladys L. (Dickerson) Elliot, born 1890, Michigan. (Fasbender was previously married to Nettie R. Kramp. They had a child, Walter, who died in 1909 at one month old. The couple later divorced.)
  • Louis Benjamin Brooks, mail carrier. Born 1878, Michigan. In 1904, married Sadie T. Horrigan, born about 1882, Michigan. Their son, Willis J., was born in 1905.
Below is the Sanborn Map from 1921 of the area around Cymbre Apartments. Roll your cursor over the image to see a recent satellite image of the same area. Rollover Image The building is currently owned by Thomas Cieszkowski, a lifelong Detroiter and 20-year resident of North Corktown. Currently, only six of the building's original fifteen apartments are inhabited. Cieszkowski plans on renovating the remaining units when demand for housing in the area increases sufficiently.

November 21, 2011

1763 Vermont Part II: 1946-Present

As mentioned in Part I, Harry Hosack owned 1763 Vermont until foreclosing in 1943. Steven Snider, a grandson of Hosack, told me that relatives remember the home being divided into two apartments at the time. This alteration must have been done after 1941, because no separate address appears in the city directory before then.

On April 26, 1946, First Liquidating Corporation sold 1763 Vermont to Jennie G. Smith, John W. Hoag Jr. and his wife, Phyllis M. Hoag. Mr. Hoag's father, John Wellington Hoag Sr., was the preacher at the Woodward Avenue Baptist Church (demolished 1986) from 1915 until his death in 1947.

Between 1949 and 1956, almost all of the houses across the street from 1763 Vermont were demolished and replaced with a parking lot. The images below are courtesy of Wayne State University.

There is a ten-year gap in the records on this property, both in the city directories and in the documents obtained from Wayne County. The next available data are from 1956, when the home was owned by George M. Bell. The directory from that year is also the first I've found that includes the address of the separate apartment within the house. From then on, the lower unit was 1765 Vermont, and the upstairs unit was 1763. The following is an incomplete list of known renters of 1765 Vermont:
1956 - John & Rose Davis
1958 - William & Annabelle Durkins
1964 - Frank & Julie Medina
1965 - (Vacant)
1968 - Lloyd & Sharon Little
1970 - (Vacant)
1973 - (Vacant)
1988 - Leroy Poole, Jr.
1989 - Charinease L. Brown
1990 - Arthurene B. Eubanks
1991 - Foye E. Gantt
1992 - William Buchanan

George and Christine Bell bought the house and lived in it (specifically, in the upper unit) from at least 1956 to 1958. From 1964 until at least 1973, the Bells rented the upper apartment to Thomas and Patricia Edwards. On May 5, 1975, the Bells sold the house to John T. and Patsy A. Adkins for $3,000.

1763 Vermont in 1976.
Courtesy of the Michigan State Historic Preservation Office

On May 4, 1979, Mr. and Mrs. Adkins sold the house to Ruben G. and Maria Rodriguez for $4,000. The property would stay in the family for twelve years. On December 23, 1988, Ruben Rodriguez, now widowed, added Ricardo E. Rodriguez to the deed. On May 10th of the following year, Ruben quit-claimed his half of the house to Alicia Ramos. On the following November 28, Rodriguez and Ramos quit-claimed the property to Alfredo Rodriguez, Jesus Rodriguez, Rose-Marie Bird, Edmundo Rodriguez, Rogelio Rodriguez, Ricardo Moreno, and Roberto Rodriguez. The year after that, Rose-Marie Bird, Rogelio Rodriguez and his wife Virginia quit-claimed their part in the ownership of the home to co-owners Ricardo Moreno and Roberto and Edmundo Rodriguez.

In 1991, the house fell into tax foreclosure and was seized by the State of Michigan on May 5, 1992. It fell under the ownership of Wayne County on May 17, 1995, and was then transferred to the Corktown Consumer Housing Cooperative the following month, on June 30.

1763 Vermont was finally purchased by Kelly Giannotta on March 15, 2002 for $10,000. The property became owned jointly by Kelly Giannotta and David Larson on September 30, 2003, after their marriage. They are now the home's current owners, and have renovated it extensively several years ago.

1763 Vermont in 2002.
Photo courtesy of David & Kelly Larson.

The entrance to the upper flat has been turned back into a window.
Photo courtesy of David & Kelly Larson.

Co-owner David Larson, during the renovation.
Photo courtesy of David & Kelly Larson.

These coins were discovered in and around the house throughout the
renovation. Clockwise from the top left: an 1856 U.S. quarter, a
1911 U.S. penny, a 1943 U.S. steel penny, and a 1917 British Penny.

The home's original staircase was moved to this location by
the front door when the house was divided into two units.
Photo courtesy of David & Kelly Larson.

The staircase during the renovation, returned to its original location.
Photo courtesy of David & Kelly Larson.

The rear of 1763 Vermont during renovation.
Photo courtesy of David & Kelly Larson.

The rear of 1763 Vermont after renovation.
Photo courtesy of David & Kelly Larson.

1763 Vermont has been restored to its previous state as a single-family home. It is now rented out, as it had been throughout most of its history.

Photo courtesy of David & Kelly Larson.